2017, Cilt 43, Sayı 1, Sayfa(lar) 017-021

Determination of the Appropriate Emergency Department Design According to Patient Characteristics
Pınar ÇINAR SERT1, Vahide Aslıhan DURAK2, Fatma ÖZDEMİR2, Erol ARMAĞAN2
1Çekirge Devlet Hastanesi, Acil Servis, Bursa
2Uludağ Üniversitesi Tıp Fakültesi, Acil Tıp Anabilim Dalı, Bursa
Keywords: Emergency department design. Patient profile. Triage

Our study was aimed to determine the required appropriate care area and emergency department ideal design according to patients admitted to the emergency department of our hospital. 12550 patients were enrolled in the study. Patients' age, gender, chief complaint, triage category, concomitant diseases, consultations, diagnoses and result forms were evaluated. In conclusion, we found that our hospital’s emergengy department needs; 150 m² 6-bed resuscitation room, 180 m² triage and reception area, 1 decontamination room, 25 fast track area, 2 isolation rooms each of which is 25 m², 16 m² psychiatic patient room, special rooms each of which is 16 m² like ophthalmology/ENT and gynecology room, 10 single rooms, 20 m² plaster room, 20 m² procedure room, 12 m² consultation room, 90 treatment areas each of which is 12 m² and at least 45 areas have physiological monitoring and 10 m² staff station. Based on this information total 5000 m² area needs to be determined for an annual of 100,000 patients admitted to the emergency department. In order to provide better services of the emergency departments, each hospital should plan the most appropriate department by considering physical conditions, budget and needs in the light of guidelines.